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When both emotion and intellect exist harmoniously in
a being, that being is considered to have normal or average intellect. A being confronted with a problem would make decisions in the same manner as another average being at the same intellect.
When either emotion or intellect out weighs the other,
but not totally, that being is considered to have above average or even genius skill. If the intellect overpowers emotion then areas such as science, mathematics and philosophy prosper. In this case decisions are based mainly on logic. If emotion dominates, then creative areas such as painting and poetry flourish. A being operating in this state bases their decisions mainly on emotion.
When either emotion or intellect exists in isolation,
that being is considered abnormal. When operating strictly on intellect a being is likely to break down mentally and socially and decisions are based solely on logic. On the other hand, a being operating on emotion only is more likely to having irrational outbreaks and make decisions based on emotion only.
It is possible for the balance to shift between
emotion and intellect many times during a lifetime or even during one day. The average person typically begins the day in the center of the graph and as the day progresses, the focus shifts back and forth, from right to left or left to right. If the person is involved in a heated argument, the focus would shift to the left, towards the emotion portion. By doing this, the person's actions and decisions become less logical. If the person is doing research, the focus might shift to the right, towards the intellect portion causing the person to act more rationally. These shifts, for the most part are minor throughout a day.
An intelligent system, encompassing the traits of
emotion will loose its ability to be one hundred percent predictable. It is emotions that cause organic beings to act illogically, and therefore unpredictably. Because most machines are designed to perform a function reliably, it is unlikely that a machine that has emotions is desirable where reliability is a concern. There are possible functions that an emotional or creative machine could perform and where reliability and repeatability are not issues.

The ultimate goal of Artificial Intelligence
research is to create an intelligent machine that solves problems at a human intelligence level. To do this, a machine must have the ability to discover and manipulate relationships, a key to intel-ligent thought. Logical processing creates relationships, which are affected only by emotion and the current level of knowl-edge. Emotion is the only reason why a being, presented with two identical situa-tions, can produce two different outcomes. It is my view that future AI algorithms will be centered around relationships, for that is what it means to be intelligent. By looking at intelligence as a series of dynamic relationships, rather than just facts, rules, and data, more efficient and advanced applications can be developed.
Creating applications that work with relationships
rather than rules will also allow it to be universal. A rule is
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a predetermined relationship, and therefore set in stone from the programs perspective. By allowing a program to discover its own relationships, and therefore create its own rules, the program will be more flexible, and be able to react with a greater degree of intelligence.

Searle, J. R. (1980). Minds, brains and programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 3

Works of Interest
Searle, J. R. (1980). Minds, brains and programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 3

Chinese Room Argument

Russell, S., Norvig, P. (1995). Artificial intelligence: A Modern Approach. Prentice Hall. Chapter 1. p. 1-27

Paul Troncone is President of ConeWare Inc. (www.coneware.com), an intelligent systems startup in New York. He has four years of experience in the information systems field and is a member of the Alpha Chi National Honor Society, and the Golden Key International Honour Society, and will graduate Magna Cum Laude from Pace University in December of 2002. Here can be reached at AiDeveloper@aol.com.

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