When both emotion and intellect exist harmoniously in
a being, that being is considered to have normal or average intellect.
A being confronted with a problem would make decisions in the same
manner as another average being at the same intellect.
When either emotion or intellect out weighs the other,
but not totally, that being is considered to have above average or
even genius skill. If the intellect overpowers emotion then areas
such as science, mathematics and philosophy prosper. In this case
decisions are based mainly on logic. If emotion dominates, then creative
areas such as painting and poetry flourish. A being operating in this
state bases their decisions mainly on emotion.
When either emotion or intellect exists in isolation,
that being is considered abnormal. When operating strictly on intellect
a being is likely to break down mentally and socially and decisions
are based solely on logic. On the other hand, a being operating on
emotion only is more likely to having irrational outbreaks and make
decisions based on emotion only.
It is possible for the balance to shift between
emotion and intellect many times during a lifetime or even during
one day. The average person typically begins the day in the center
of the graph and as the day progresses, the focus shifts back and
forth, from right to left or left to right. If the person is involved
in a heated argument, the focus would shift to the left, towards the
emotion portion. By doing this, the person's actions and decisions
become less logical. If the person is doing research, the focus might
shift to the right, towards the intellect portion causing the person
to act more rationally. These shifts, for the most part are minor
throughout a day.
An intelligent system, encompassing the traits of
emotion will loose its ability to be one hundred percent predictable.
It is emotions that cause organic beings to act illogically, and therefore
unpredictably. Because most machines are designed to perform a function
reliably, it is unlikely that a machine that has emotions is desirable
where reliability is a concern. There are possible functions that
an emotional or creative machine could perform and where reliability
and repeatability are not issues.
The ultimate goal of Artificial Intelligence
research is to create an intelligent machine that solves problems
at a human intelligence level. To do this, a machine must have the
ability to discover and manipulate relationships, a key to intel-ligent
thought. Logical processing creates relationships, which are affected
only by emotion and the current level of knowl-edge. Emotion is the
only reason why a being, presented with two identical situa-tions,
can produce two different outcomes. It is my view that future AI algorithms
will be centered around relationships, for that is what it means to
be intelligent. By looking at intelligence as a series of dynamic
relationships, rather than just facts, rules, and data, more efficient
and advanced applications can be developed.
Creating applications that work with relationships
rather than rules will also allow it to be universal. A rule is
a predetermined relationship, and therefore set in
stone from the programs perspective. By allowing a program to discover
its own relationships, and therefore create its own rules, the program
will be more flexible, and be able to react with a greater degree
Searle, J. R. (1980). Minds, brains and programs. Behavioral and Brain
Sciences, vol. 3
Works of Interest
Searle, J. R. (1980). Minds, brains and programs. Behavioral and
Brain Sciences, vol. 3
Chinese Room Argument
Russell, S., Norvig, P. (1995). Artificial intelligence:
A Modern Approach. Prentice Hall. Chapter 1. p. 1-27
Paul Troncone is President of ConeWare Inc. (www.coneware.com),
an intelligent systems startup in New York. He has four years of experience
in the information systems field and is a member of the Alpha Chi
National Honor Society, and the Golden Key International Honour Society,
and will graduate Magna Cum Laude from Pace University in December
of 2002. Here can be reached at AiDeveloper@aol.com.